Three serendibites were discovered in 1902, by D.P. Gunasekera. They were found in secondary deposits in Gangapitiya /
Ambakotte / Kandy / Ratnapura / Sri Lanka: a 0.35 ct stone (emerald cut, 4.42 x 3.80 x 2.80 mm), a 0.55 ct stone
(mixed cut, 4.98 x 4.95 x 2.72 mm), and a 0.56 ct one.
Serendibite was named in 1902 (by Prior and Coomaraswamy) after the old Arabic term for Sri Lanka: Serendib. It is
only rarely found as facet grade material.
* Photo by kind permission of George Bosshart.
Formation and Resources
Serendibite / Myanmar *
Serendibite "occurs in skarns, affected by boron metasomatism, in contact between carbonate rocks and granite,
tonalite, or granulite" (http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu).
The genesis of serendibite depends on the facies of replaced skarns and calcareous-skarn alteration of
the primary composition of the host rocks. Serendibite crystallized during the postmagmatic stage of the evolution
of boron mineralization at skarn deposits of both the abyssal and the hypabyssal facies, in contact with magnesian
carbonate sequences and desilicified aluminosilicate rocks.
In 1932, noteworthy serendibite crystals were found in skarn assemblages in Warren County / New York / U.S..
Recently, serendibite was also discovered in the Ohn Gaing mine / Mogok / Myanmar. These stones are black, in
contrary to the greenish-blue or violet-blue stones from Sri Lanka.
Madagascar: Zazafotsy Quarry and Vohimena hill / Ambahatraso / Amboarohy / Ihosy department / Horombe region /
Fianarantsoa province, and Ianapera emerald deposit in Sakalava / Ianapera area / Benenitra Department /
U.S.: Crestmore quarries resp. New City quarry / Riverside County / California, Edenville resp. Warwick /
Orange County / New York, Johnsburg / Adirondack Highlands / Warren County / New York, Russell / Adirondack Lowlands
/ St. Lawrence County / New York